Ever since the discovery of electrons millions of scientific breakthroughs have been made. Cultivating the behavior of the atomic world is the pillar of scientific success.
Accelerating atomic particles is the need for innovation and creation in the world of physics. Scientists try to increase and decrease the speed to atomic particles and study their properties. It is also required that the speed of electrons may be increased such as to approach the speed of light.
for this particular purpose, a “Synchrotron” is used. A synchrotron is a large machine (a cyclic particle accelerator), as large as the size of a football field. It is used to accelerate electrons to the speed of light. This machine produces light by using radio-frequency waves and powerful electromagnets to continuously increase the speed of the electrons.
This device comprises a stainless steel tube in which a negatively charged electron is projected and a magnetic field bends the path of the electron to its closed loop form, the magnetic field effectively synchronizes to the increasing kinetic energy of the particle.
When the speed of the electron is increased it starts to emit radiations in different spectra of light comprising Ultraviolet light, Infrared radiations, visible light and X-ray radiations in the electromagnetic spectrum. Scientists can pick out different radiations by analysis of their individual wavelengths for experimenting with their samples.
Applications of Synchrotrons:
Synchrotrons play a vital role in many scientific fields and development in countless researchers, including medical researchers, mineral exploration, environmental sciences, engineering, biosciences and even agriculture.